A floor is a building’s horizontal surface on which you walk. Depending on construction methods, the floor may consist of concrete and/or wood structural components. Flooring is the finishing material installed as the top layer on a floor. So you’ll be selecting and installing flooring material for a floor. What do you need to know before you spread adhesive or pull the hammer out of your belt? Many things. First, you want to make sure the flooring you’re installing is the best choice you can make based on the needs, preferences, and budget of the people who will use it. That’s probably you and your family if you’re installing flooring in your own home.